CRIMINAL LAW PRETRIAL HEARINGS
Some of the many relevant hearings in criminal law.
Dunaway Hearing: A hearing to determine whether the prosecution's evidence should be suppressed because it resulted from a defendant's arrest without probable cause.
Dunaway v. New York, 442 US 200, 99 SCt 2248 (1979)
Huntley Hearing: A hearing to determine whether a confession was given voluntarily and whether it was given in such a manner as to comply with the defendant's Fifthe and Sixth Amendment rights. Huntley was decided before the landmark decision of Miranda v Arizona and a Huntley hearing was orignially meant to determne the voluntariness of a confession. After Miranda, hwever, the hearing was expanded to incorporate Fifth and Sixth Amendment violations.
People v. Huntley, 15 NY2d 72, 255 NYS2d 838 (1965)
Mapp Hearing: A hearing to determine whether evidence should be suppressed because it has been involoation of the defendant's Fourth Amendment rights.
Mapp v Ohio, 367 US 643, 81 SCt. 1684 (1961)
Sandoval Hearing: A hearing to determine which portions of a defendant's prior record can be brought out by the prosecution at his trial if the defenant testifies.
People v. Sandoval, 34 NY2d 371, 357 NYS2d 849 (1974)
Wade Hearing: A hearing to determine whether an in-court identification should be suppressed as being in violation of the defendant's Sixth Amendment right to counsel.
US vs. Wade, 388 US 218, 87 SCt. 1226 (1967)